IT sphere - is this our future? (Information Technology)
Information technology and communications is the industry that is responsible for collecting, storing and transmitting information using technical devices and, in general, for the communication of people at a distance. A real boom in information technology occurred in the 1990s with the proliferation of personal computers, the Internet and personal mobile phones. Today in Russia about 89% of young people constantly use the Internet and mobile phones. Information technology (or IT, Information Technology) is the most rapidly developing sector of the world economy.
Today, no industry is complete without information technology specialists: the collection and analysis of statistics, the rapid transmission of information have led to qualitative changes in almost every industry. Industrial automation, electronic document management in public administration and medicine, distance education are vivid examples of the widespread implementation of information and communication technologies.
IT sphere today The number of IT workers in Russia is about 850 thousand people, that is, 1% of the total working population of the country. This, by the way, is significantly less than in the leading countries in software development and technology implementation: in the USA, Great Britain and Germany, the share of IT specialists exceeds 3.5% of the total working-age population. The Russian Ministry of Communications is developing strategies and educational programs to increase the number of IT professionals: Russia's first IT cluster for education and business opened in Skolkovo in 2011.
In our country, information technology is a young and actively developing sphere. Among Russian IT companies, there are several brands widely known abroad: Yandex, Kaspersky Lab, Softline, Abbyy, Telegram, etc.
IT sphere is attractive for its internationality: many companies have offices in different countries and recruit the most qualified performers around the world to the team. Therefore, IT specialists can work anywhere in the world where the Internet is available. Another characteristic of this industry is dynamism. Changes in the field of computer technology occur every 6 months, that is, new types of information transfer are invented, unique systems and services are put into operation. A true IT specialist has to always keep his finger on the pulse and keep abreast of changes in the industry.
The future of IT Global computer networks create a parallel reality: already now people communicate on the Internet, watch films, read books, buy goods and products, and even commit crimes on the Internet. This means that, like in a real city, the network infrastructure will only flourish: social networks, shops, online cinemas, cyber police. Every thing in the house will be connected to the Internet. In the future, thanks to the Internet of Things technology, a person from work will send a message (text, voice or mental), and by his arrival home the refrigerator will buy food, cook the stove, and the TV will pick up a new movie to watch. Professions of the future:
• Virtual reality engineer (creates computer worlds)
• Cyber Police Officer (investigates financial and information theft)
• Personal profile security consultant (responsible for the security of the client's personal data and his positive online image)
How to develop in the IT field? The IT sphere is one of the most promising industries in the global economy. If you like doing computer science, programming at school and at home, if you want to create computer programs and games, launch your own service on the Internet or come up with a new application for mobile devices, then you should look at education in this direction.
Attend clubs in programming, robotics, and 3D modeling. In the classroom, you can gain knowledge of technology, experience in project work and the creation of the first IT products.
✔ Computer science should be chosen as examinations for the OGE and USE.
✔ Learn English: you need it not only as a language of international communication, but also for reading numerous technical documents.
✔ Participate in the professional camp "Professionals of the Future". iChange and TechChange are specially designed for immersion in the world of information technology under the guidance of IT experts. During thematic shifts, you can not only gain new knowledge in programming and electronics, but also find like-minded people - friends who are close to you in spirit, with whom you can implement projects in the future.
✔ Sign up for an internship at an IT company: employers in this area are always looking for talented and motivated interns, and they will make good specialists in the future. The internship will help you see the inner workings of IT companies, understand the positions and determine what you should strive for when you receive a specialized education.
✔ Take online programming courses from Russian and foreign universities. As we said, programming is international, and online courses for programmers from the universities of Harvard, Stanford, MIT (Massachusetts of Technology) are laid out in the open access. Having mastered these courses, you will grow a head compared to peers who are fond of programming.
✔ Set ambitious goals: participate and win in computer science Olympiads, participate in hackathons and sports competitions for developers held by major brands - Google, Yandex, Facebook, Telegram. With the help of such competitions, you can not only deepen your knowledge and improve your skills, but also find a job in the company of your dreams.
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